FSM quick start

Try FSM in 5 minutes

This guide shows how to download, install, and run FSM, deploy a demo application, and complete SMI standard functionality like link encryption, access control, and traffic splitting in less than 5 minutes. This demo assumes you are running Ubuntu 21 on x86 architecture, running the k3s version ‘V1.23.8 + K3S1’. For more version and platform support, please refer to the complete Beginner’s Guide.


Running Kubernetes cluster. If you don’t have one, you can use below script to install k3s:

export INSTALL_K3S_VERSION=v1.23.8+k3s1
curl -sfL https://get.k3s.io | sh -s - --disable traefik --write-kubeconfig-mode 644 --write-kubeconfig ~/.kube/config

Minimum Kubernetes version supported by FSM is v1.19.0

Download and install FSM CLI


Download the 64-bit GNU/Linux or macOS binary of FSM v1.3.3:

system=$(uname -s | tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]')
arch=$(uname -m | sed -E 's/x86_/amd/' | sed -E 's/aarch/arm/')
curl -L https://github.com/flomesh-io/fsm/releases/download/${release}/fsm-${release}-${system}-${arch}.tar.gz | tar -vxzf -
./${system}-${arch}/fsm version
cp ./${system}-${arch}/fsm /usr/local/bin/


Download the 64-bit macOS binaries for FSM v1.3.3

system=$(uname -s | tr "[:upper:]" "[:lower:]")
arch=$(uname -m)
curl -L https://github.com/flomesh-io/fsm/releases/download/$release/fsm-$release-$system-$arch.tar.gz | tar -vxzf -
./$system-$arch/fsm version
cp ./$system-$arch/fsm /usr/local/bin/

Install FSM on Kubernetes cluster

Below command also installs and enable Prometheus, Grafana and Jaeger.

Read more on FSM’s integrations with Prometheus, Grafana, and Jaeger in the observability documentation.

export fsm_namespace=fsm-system 
export fsm_mesh_name=fsm 

fsm install \
    --mesh-name "$fsm_mesh_name" \
    --fsm-namespace "$fsm_namespace" \
    --set=fsm.enablePermissiveTrafficPolicy=true \
    --set=fsm.deployPrometheus=true \
    --set=fsm.deployGrafana=true \
    --set=fsm.deployJaeger=true \

Deploy Applications

In this section we will deploy 5 different Pods, and we will apply policies to control the traffic between them.

  • bookbuyer is an HTTP client making requests to bookstore. This traffic is permitted.
  • bookthief is an HTTP client and much like bookbuyer also makes HTTP requests to bookstore. This traffic should be blocked.
  • bookstore is a server, which responds to HTTP requests. It is also a client making requests to the bookwarehouse service. This traffic is permitted.
  • bookwarehouse is a server and should respond only to bookstore. Both bookbuyer and bookthief should be blocked.
  • mysql is a MySQL database only reachable by bookwarehouse.

Use below script to install:

kubectl create namespace bookstore
kubectl create namespace bookbuyer
kubectl create namespace bookthief
kubectl create namespace bookwarehouse
fsm namespace add bookstore bookbuyer bookthief bookwarehouse
kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/flomesh-io/fsm-docs/main/manifests/apps/bookbuyer.yaml
kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/flomesh-io/fsm-docs/main/manifests/apps/bookthief.yaml
kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/flomesh-io/fsm-docs/main/manifests/apps/bookstore.yaml
kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/flomesh-io/fsm-docs/main/manifests/apps/bookwarehouse.yaml
kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/flomesh-io/fsm-docs/main/manifests/apps/mysql.yaml

Expose the GUI ports of each service, so that with a browser we can access these ports of demo application.

git clone https://github.com/flomesh-io/fsm.git -b main
cd fsm
cp .env.example .env

In a browser, open the following URL.

_Note: If you need to access from the host, you need to replace localhost with the IP address of the virtual machine; or run the port-forward-all.sh script on the host. _

Access Control

By installing FSM with the above command, all services are without access control (permissive traffic policy mode), or all access is allowed. The situation when there is no access control can be seen by looking at the growth in the number of books counts per service in the browser.

The counts in the bookbuyer, bookthief UI correspond to the number of books purchased and stolen, respectively, while in bookstore-v1 these should be increasing by.

The count for book sales in the bookstore UI should also be increasing.

The following demonstrates denying access to the bookstore service by disabling the permissive traffic policy mode.

kubectl patch meshconfig fsm-mesh-config -n fsm-system -p '{"spec":{"traffic":{"enablePermissiveTrafficPolicyMode":false}}}'  --type=merge

You will see that the count is no longer increasing.

Execute below command to allow bookbuyer privileges to access bookstore:

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/flomesh-io/fsm-docs/main/manifests/access/traffic-access-v1.yaml

Here we go back to the bookbuyer and bookstore UI and see that the count resumes increasing while the count for the bookthief UI remains stopped.

With access control, we have successfully prevented bookthief from stealing books from bookstore, while normal purchases are unaffected.



Use below command to enable namespace metrics generation and capturing, or else metrics generated by Pods won’t be gathered.

fsm metrics enable --namespace "bookstore,bookbuyer,bookthief,bookwarehouse"

After running port-forwarding script, open url http://localhost:3000 in browser to access Grafan console. Dashboard default username and passwords are admin, admin.

FSM has several built-in dashboards to provide visualization of metrics in the control plane and data plane. For example, the following figure shows the metrics of pod http://localhost:3000 of the bookthief service accessing other services.


The following figure shows the metrics of bookthief accessing other services at the granularity of deployment. The difference from the previous figure is that if bookthief has multiple replicas, the aggregate data for all replicas is shown here: !


The next metrics for the FSM component, and for the mesh base information are shown here.



Jaeger’s dashboard can be accessed by typing http://localhost:16686/search in your browser: !


The dashboard allows you to look up service-related tracing information: !


Show service topology diagram.



The FSM control plane outputs diagnostic logs to the standard output for service mesh management, and the output of logging information can be controlled by adjusting the level of logging. The logs output to the standard output can be aggregated and stored by the log collection tool.

Uninstall Service Mesh

To uninstall all resources associated with FSM after completing the quick experience with FSM, you will need to delete these sample applications and associated SMI resources and uninstall the FSM control plane and cluster-wide FSM resources.

To delete the sample applications.

kubectl delete ns bookbuyer bookthief bookstore bookwarehouse

Uninstall the control plane.

fsm uninstall mesh

eBPF setup quickstart

Learn how to use eBPF with FSM

Quick Start on OpenShift

How to quickly setup FSM on Redhat OpenShift


Was this page helpful?